Chapter 1: Observing the Armies on the Battlefield of Kurukṣetra

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Bhagavad-gītā As It Is 1.43


manuṣyāṇāḿ janārdana

narake niyataḿ vāso

bhavatīty anuśuśruma


utsanna — spoiled; kula-dharmāṇām — of those who have the family traditions; manuṣyāṇām — of such men; janārdanaO Kṛṣṇa; narakein hell; niyatam — always; vāsaḥ — residence; bhavatiit so becomes; iti — thus; anuśuśrumaI have heard by disciplic succession.


O Kṛṣṇa, maintainer of the people, I have heard by disciplic succession that those who destroy family traditions dwell always in hell.


Arjuna bases his argument not on his own personal experience, but on what he has heard from the authorities. That is the way of receiving real knowledge. One cannot reach the real point of factual knowledge without being helped by the right person who is already established in that knowledge. There is a system in the varṇāśrama institution by which before death one has to undergo the process of atonement for his sinful activities. One who is always engaged in sinful activities must utilize the process of atonement called the prāyaścitta. Without doing so, one surely will be transferred to hellish planets to undergo miserable lives as the result of sinful activities.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness