Chapter 14: The Three Modes Of Material Nature

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Bhagavad-gita As It Is 14.13

aprakaso 'pravrittis ca

pramado moha eva ca

tamasy etani jayante

vivriddhe kuru-nandana


aprakasah -- darkness; apravrittih -- inactivity; ca -- and; pramadah -- madness; mohah -- illusion; eva -- certainly; ca -- also; tamasi -- the mode of ignorance; etani -- these; jayante -- are manifested; vivriddhe -- when developed; kuru-nandana -- O son of Kuru.


When there is an increase in the mode of ignorance, O son of Kuru, darkness, inertia, madness and illusion are manifested.


When there is no illumination, knowledge is absent. One in the mode of ignorance does not work by a regulative principle; he wants to act whimsically, for no purpose. Even though he has the capacity to work, he makes no endeavor. This is called illusion. Although consciousness is going on, life is inactive. These are the symptoms of one in the mode of ignorance.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness