Chapter 14: The Three Modes Of Material Nature

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Bhagavad-gita As It Is 14.9

sattvam sukhe sanjayati

rajah karmani bharata

jnanam avritya tu tamah

pramade sanjayaty uta


sattvam -- the mode of goodness; sukhe -- in happiness; sanjayati -- binds; rajah -- the mode of passion; karmani -- in fruitive activity; bharata -- O son of Bharata; jnanam -- knowledge; avritya -- covering; tu -- but; tamah -- the mode of ignorance; pramade -- in madness; sanjayati -- binds; uta -- it is said.


O son of Bharata, the mode of goodness conditions one to happiness; passion conditions one to fruitive action; and ignorance, covering one's knowledge, binds one to madness.


A person in the mode of goodness is satisfied by his work or intellectual pursuit, just as a philosopher, scientist or educator may be engaged in a particular field of knowledge and may be satisfied in that way. A man in the mode of passion may be engaged in fruitive activity; he owns as much as he can and spends for good causes. Sometimes he tries to open hospitals, give to charity institutions, etc. These are signs of one in the mode of passion. And the mode of ignorance covers knowledge. In the mode of ignorance, whatever one does is good neither for him nor for anyone.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness