Chapter 18: Conclusion — The Perfection of Renunciation

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Bhagavad-gītā As It Is 18.27

rāgī karma-phala-prepsur

lubdho hiḿsātmako 'śuciḥ

harṣa-śokānvitaḥ kartā

rājasaḥ parikīrtitaḥ


rāgī — very much attached; karma-phala — the fruit of the work; prepsuḥ — desiring; lubdhaḥ — greedy; hiḿsā-ātmakaḥ — always envious; aśuciḥ — unclean; harṣa-śoka-anvitaḥ — subject to joy and sorrow; kartā — such a worker; rājasaḥin the mode of passion; parikīrtitaḥ — is declared.


The worker who is attached to work and the fruits of work, desiring to enjoy those fruits, and who is greedy, always envious, impure, and moved by joy and sorrow, is said to be in the mode of passion.


A person is too much attached to a certain kind of work or to the result because he has too much attachment for materialism or hearth and home, wife and children. Such a person has no desire for higher elevation in life. He is simply concerned with making this world as materially comfortable as possible. He is generally very greedy, and he thinks that anything attained by him is permanent and never to be lost. Such a person is envious of others and prepared to do anything wrong for sense gratification. Therefore such a person is unclean, and he does not care whether his earning is pure or impure. He is very happy if his work is successful and very much distressed when his work is not successful. Such is the worker in the mode of passion.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness