|Ādi-līlā||Chapter 2: Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu Is the Supreme Personality of Godhead|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta Ādi 2.22
seita govinda sākṣāc caitanya gosāñi
jīva nistārite aiche dayālu āra nāi
seita — that; govinda — Govinda; sākṣāt — personally; caitanya — Lord Caitanya; gosāñi — Gosāñi; jīva — the fallen living entities; nistārite — to deliver; aiche — such; dayālu — a merciful Lord; āra — another; nāi — there is not.
That Govinda personally appears as Caitanya Gosāñi. No other Lord is as merciful in delivering the fallen souls.
Having described Govinda in terms of His Brahman and Paramātmā features, now the author of Śrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta advances his argument to prove that Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu is the identical personality. The same Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, in the garb of a devotee of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, descended to this mortal world to reclaim the fallen human beings who had misunderstood the Personality of Godhead even after the explanation of the Bhagavad-gītā. In the Bhagavad-gītā the Personality of Godhead Śrī Kṛṣṇa directly instructed that the Supreme is a person, that the impersonal Brahman is His glowing effulgence, and that the Paramātmā is His partial representation. All men were therefore advised to follow the path of Śrī Kṛṣṇa, leaving aside all mundane "isms." Offenders misunderstood this instruction, however, because of their poor fund of knowledge. Thus by His causeless, unlimited mercy Śrī Kṛṣṇa came again as Śrī Caitanya Gosāñi.
The author of Śrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta most emphatically stresses that Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu is Śrī Kṛṣṇa Himself. He is not an expansion of the prakāśa or vilāsa forms of Śrī Kṛṣṇa; He is the svayaḿ-rūpa, Govinda. Apart from the relevant scriptural evidence forwarded by Śrīla Kṛṣṇadāsa Kavirāja Gosvāmī, there are innumerable other scriptural statements regarding Lord Caitanya's being the Supreme Lord Himself. The following examples may be cited:
(1) From the Caitanya Upaniṣad (5): gauraḥ sarvātmā mahā-puruṣo mahātmā mahā-yogī tri-guṇātītaḥ sattva-rūpo bhaktiḿ loke kāśyati. "Lord Gaura, who is the all-pervading Supersoul, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, appears as a great saint and powerful mystic who is above the three modes of nature and is the emblem of transcendental activity. He disseminates the cult of devotion throughout the world."
(2) From the Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad (6.7 and 3.12):
tam īśvarāṇāḿ paramaḿ maheśvaraḿ
taḿ devatānāḿ paramaḿ ca daivatam
patiḿ patīnāḿ paramaḿ parastād
vidāma devaḿ bhuvaneśam īḍyam
"O Supreme Lord, You are the Supreme Maheśvara, the worshipable Deity of all the demigods and the Supreme Lord of all lords. You are the controller of all controllers, the Personality of Godhead, the Lord of everything worshipable."
mahān prabhur vai puruṣaḥ
su-nirmalām imāḿ prāptim
īśāno jyotir avyayaḥ
"The Supreme Personality of Godhead is Mahāprabhu, who disseminates transcendental enlightenment. Just to be in touch with Him is to be in contact with the indestructible brahmajyoti."
(3) From the Muṇḍaka Upaniṣad (3.1.3):
yadā paśyaḥ paśyate rukma-varṇaḿ
kartāram īśaḿ puruṣaḿ brahma-yonim
"One who sees that golden-colored Personality of Godhead, the Supreme Lord, the supreme actor, who is the source of the Supreme Brahman, is liberated."
(4) From Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (11.5.33-34 and 7.9.38):
dhyeyaḿ sadā paribhava-ghnam abhīṣṭa-dohaḿ
tīrthāspadaḿ śiva-viriñci-nutaḿ śaraṇyam
vande mahā-puruṣa te caraṇāravindam
"We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of Him, the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He destroys insults to His devotees. He removes the distresses of His devotees and satisfies their desires. He, the abode of all holy places and the shelter of all sages, is worshipable by Lord Śiva and Lord Brahmā. He is the boat of the demigods for crossing the ocean of birth and death."
dharmiṣṭha ārya-vacasā yad agād araṇyam
māyā-mṛgaḿ dayitayepsitam anvadhāvad
vande mahā-puruṣa te caraṇāravindam
"We offer our respectful obeisances unto the lotus feet of the Lord, upon whom one should always meditate. He left His householder life, leaving aside His eternal consort, whom even the denizens of heaven adore. He went into the forest to deliver the fallen souls, who are put into illusion by material energy."
itthaḿ nṛ-tiryag-ṛṣi-deva jhaṣāvatārair
lokān vibhāvayasi haḿsi jagat-pratīpān
dharmaḿ mahā-puruṣa pāsi yugānuvṛttaḿ
channaḥ kalau yad abhavas tri-yugo 'tha sa tvam
"My Lord, You kill all the enemies of the world in Your multifarious incarnations in the families of men, animals, demigods, ṛṣis, aquatics and so on. Thus You illuminate the worlds with transcendental knowledge. In the Age of Kali, O Mahāpuruṣa, You sometimes appear in a covered incarnation. Therefore You are known as Tri-yuga [one who appears in only three yugas]."
(5) From the Kṛṣṇa-yāmala-tantra: puṇya-kṣetre nava-dvīpe bhaviṣyāmi śacī-sutaḥ. "I shall appear in the holy land of Navadvīpa as the son of Śacī-devī."
(6) From the Vāyu Purāṇa: kalau sańkīrtanārambhe bhaviṣyāmi śacī-sutaḥ. "In the Age of Kali when the sańkīrtana movement is inaugurated, I shall descend as the son of Śacī-devī."
(7) From the Brahma-yāmala-tantra:
atha vāhaḿ dharādhāme
māyāyāḿ ca bhaviṣyāmi
"Sometimes I personally appear on the surface of the world in the garb of a devotee. Specifically, I appear as the son of Śacī in Kali-yuga to start the sańkīrtana movement."
(8) From the Ananta-saḿhitā:
ya eva bhagavān kṛṣṇo
sṛṣṭy ādau sa jagan-nātho
gaura āsīn maheśvari
"The Supreme Person, Śrī Kṛṣṇa Himself, who is the life of Śrī Rādhārāṇī and is the Lord of the universe in creation, maintenance and annihilation, appears as Gaura, O Maheśvarī."
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness