Madhya-līlāChapter 10: The Lord's Return to Jagannātha Purī

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta Madhya 10.168

'vyāpya' 'vyāpaka'-bhāve 'jīva'-'brahme' jāni

jīvavyāpya, brahmavyāpaka, śāstrete vākhāni

SYNONYMS

vyāpya — localized; vyāpaka — all-pervading; bhāvein this way; jīva — living entity; brahme — the Supreme Lord; jāniI know; jīva — the living entity; vyāpya — localized; brahma — the Supreme Lord; vyāpaka — all-pervading; śāstretein the revealed scripture; vākhāni — description.

TRANSLATION

Brahmānanda Bhāratī continued, "The living entity is localized, whereas the Supreme Brahman is all-pervading. That is the verdict of the revealed scriptures.

PURPORT

Brahmānanda Bhāratī drew Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya's attention because he wanted him to judge the argument. He then stated that Brahman, the Supreme Lord, is all-pervading. This is confirmed by Lord Kṛṣṇa in the Bhagavad-gītā (13.3):

kṣetra-jñaḿ cāpi māḿ viddhi sarva-kṣetreṣu bhārata

kṣetra-kṣetrajñayor jñānaḿ yat taj jñānaḿ mataḿ mama

"O scion of Bharata, you should understand that I am also the knower in all bodies, and to understand this body and its knower is called knowledge. That is My opinion."

The Supreme Personality of Godhead in His Paramātmā feature is expanded everywhere. The Brahma-saḿhitā says, aṇḍāntara-stha-paramāṇu-cayāntara-stham: by virtue of His all-pervasive nature, the Supreme Lord is within the universe as well as within all elements of the universe. He is even within the atom. In this way the Supreme Lord Govinda is all-pervasive. On the other hand, the living entities are very, very small. It is said that the living entity is one ten-thousandth of the tip of a hair. Therefore the living entity is localized. Living entities rest on the Brahman effulgence, the bodily rays of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

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