|Madhya-līlā||Chapter 21: The Opulence and Sweetness of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta Madhya 21.20
eka eka gopa kare ye vatsa cāraṇa
koṭi, arbuda, śańkha, padma, tāhāra gaṇana
eka eka — one after another; gopa — cowherd boys; kare — do; ye — whatever; vatsa — calves; cāraṇa — grazing; koṭi — ten millions; arbuda — a hundred million; śańkha — one trillion; padma — ten trillion; tāhāra gaṇana — the enumeration of that.
"Each of the cowherd boys was tending calves to the extent of a koṭi, arbuda, śańkha and padma. That is the way of counting.
According to Vedic mathematical calculations, the following enumeration system is used: units, tens (daśa), hundreds (śata), thousands (sahasra), ten thousands (ayuta) and hundred thousands (lakṣa). Ten times lakṣa is niyuta. Ten times niyuta is koṭi. Ten times koṭi is arbuda. Ten times arbuda is vṛnda. Ten times vṛnda is kharva. Ten times kharva is nikharva. Ten times nikharva is śańkha. Ten times śańkha is padma, and ten times padma is sāgara. Ten times sāgara is antya, and ten times antya is madhya, and ten times madhya is parārdha. Each item is ten times greater than the previous one. Thus all the cowherd boys, who were companions of Kṛṣṇa, had many calves to take care of.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness