Canto 10: The Summum BonumChapter 1: The Advent of Lord Krishna: Introduction

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 10.1.22

puraiva pumsavadhrito dhara-jvaro

bhavadbhir amsair yadushupajanyatam

sa yavad urvya bharam isvaresvarah

sva-kala-saktya kshapayams cared bhuvi


pura -- even before this; eva -- indeed; pumsa -- by the Supreme Personality of Godhead; avadhritah -- was certainly known; dhara-jvarah -- the distress on the earth; bhavadbhih -- by your good selves; amsaih -- expanding as plenary portions; yadushu -- in the family of King Yadu; upajanyatam -- take your birth and appear there; sah -- He (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); yavat -- as long as; urvyah -- of the earth; bharam -- the burden; isvara-isvarah -- the Lord of lords; sva-kala-saktya -- by His own potency the time factor; kshapayan -- diminishing; caret -- should move; bhuvi -- on the surface of the earth.


Lord Brahma informed the demigods: Before we submitted our petition to the Lord, He was already aware of the distress on earth. Consequently, for as long as the Lord moves on earth to diminish its burden by His own potency in the form of time, all of you demigods should appear through plenary portions as sons and grandsons in the family of the Yadus.


As stated in the Brahma-samhita (5.39):

ramadi-murtishu kala-niyamena tishthan

nanavataram akarod bhuvaneshu kintu

krishnah svayam samabhavat paramah puman yo

govindam adi-purusham tam aham bhajami

"I worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Govinda, who is always situated in various incarnations such as Rama, Nrisimha and many sub-incarnations as well, but who is the original personality of Godhead, known as Krishna, and who incarnates personally also."

In this verse from Srimad-Bhagavatam we find the words puraiva pumsavadhrito dhara jvarah. The word pumsa refers to Krishna, who was already aware of how the whole world was suffering because of the increase of demons. Without reference to the supreme power of the Personality of Godhead, demons assert themselves to be independent kings and presidents, and thus they create a disturbance by increasing their military power. When such disturbances are very prominent, Krishna appears. At present also, various demoniac states all over the world are increasing their military power in many ways, and the whole situation has become distressful. Therefore Krishna has appeared by His name, in the Hare Krishna movement, which will certainly diminish the burden of the world. Philosophers, religionists, and people in general must take to this movement very seriously, for man-made plans and devices will not help bring peace on earth. The transcendental sound Hare Krishna is not different from the person Krishna.

nama cintamanih krishnas


purnah suddho nitya-mukto

'bhinnatvan nama-naminoh

(Padma Purana)

There is no difference between the sound Hare Krishna and Krishna the person.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
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