Canto 10: The Summum BonumChapter 13: The Stealing of the Boys and Calves by Brahmā

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.13.47-48

catur-bhujāḥ śańkha-cakra-


kirīṭinaḥ kuṇḍalino

hāriṇo vana-mālinaḥ



nūpuraiḥ kaṭakair bhātāḥ



catuḥ-bhujāḥ — having four arms; śańkha-cakra-gadā-rājīva-pāṇa-yaḥ — holding conchshell, disc, club and lotus flower in Their hands; kirīṭinaḥ — bearing helmets on Their heads; kuṇḍalinaḥ — wearing earrings; hāriṇaḥ — wearing pearl necklaces; vana-mālinaḥ — wearing garlands of forest flowers; śrīvatsa-ańgada-do-ratna-kambu-kańkaṇa-pāṇayaḥ — bearing the emblem of the goddess of fortune on Their chests, armlets on Their arms, the Kaustubha gem on Their necks, which were marked with three lines like a conchshell, and bracelets on Their hands; nūpuraiḥ — with ornaments on the feet; kaṭakaiḥ — with bangles on Their ankles; bhātāḥ — appeared beautiful; kaṭi-sūtra-ańgulī-yakaiḥ — with sacred belts around the waist and with rings on the fingers.


All those personalities had four arms, holding conchshell, disc, mace and lotus flower in Their hands. They wore helmets on Their heads, earrings on Their ears and garlands of forest flowers around Their necks. On the upper portion of the right side of Their chests was the emblem of the goddess of fortune. Furthermore, They wore armlets on Their arms, the Kaustubha gem around Their necks, which were marked with three lines like a conchshell, and bracelets on Their wrists. With bangles on Their ankles, ornaments on Their feet, and sacred belts around Their waists, They all appeared very beautiful.


All the Viṣṇu forms had four arms, with conchshell and other articles, but these characteristics are also possessed by those who have attained sārūpya-mukti in Vaikuṇṭha and who consequently have forms exactly like the form of the Lord. However, these Viṣṇu forms appearing before Lord Brahmā also possessed the mark of Śrīvatsa and the Kaustubha gem, which are special characteristics possessed only by the Supreme Lord Himself. This proves that all these boys and calves were in fact directly expansions of Viṣṇu, the Personality of Godhead, not merely His associates of Vaikuṇṭha. Viṣṇu Himself is included within Kṛṣṇa. All the opulences of Viṣṇu are already present in Kṛṣṇa, and consequently for Kṛṣṇa to demonstrate so many Viṣṇu forms was actually not very astonishing.

The Śrīvatsa mark is described by the Vaiṣṇava-toṣaṇī as being a curl of fine yellow hair on the upper portion of the right side of Lord Viṣṇu's chest. This mark is not for ordinary devotees. It is a special mark of Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
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