Canto 10: The Summum BonumChapter 29: Kṛṣṇa and the Gopīs Meet for the Rāsa Dance

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.29.12

śrī-parīkṣid uvāca

kṛṣṇaḿ viduḥ paraḿ kāntaḿ

na tu brahmatayā mune


tāsāḿ guṇa-dhiyāḿ katham


śrī-parīkṣit uvācaŚrī Parīkṣit said; kṛṣṇam — Lord Kṛṣṇa; viduḥ — they knew; param — only; kāntamas their beloved; na — not; tu — but; brahmatayāas the Absolute Truth; muneO sage, Śukadeva; guṇa — of the three modes of material nature; pravāha — of the mighty current; uparamaḥ — the cessation; tāsām — for them; guṇa-dhiyām — whose mentality was caught up in those modes; katham — how.


Śrī Parīkṣit Mahārāja said: O sage, the gopīs knew Kṛṣṇa only as their lover, not as the Supreme Absolute Truth. So how could these girls, their minds caught up in the waves of the modes of nature, free themselves from material attachment?


King Parīkṣit was sitting in an assembly of great sages and other important personalities, listening to the words of Śukadeva Gosvāmī. According to Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī, as Śukadeva began speaking of the gopīs' conjugal love for Kṛṣṇa, the King noticed the expressions on the faces of some of the more materialistic persons present there and realized the doubt lurking in their hearts. Therefore, although the King thoroughly knew the purport of Śukadeva's words, he presented himself as experiencing personal doubt so that he could eradicate the doubt of others. That is why he asked this question.

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