|Canto 10: The Summum Bonum||Chapter 29: Kṛṣṇa and the Gopīs Meet for the Rāsa Dance|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.29.19
rajany eṣā ghora-rūpā
pratiyāta vrajaḿ neha
stheyaḿ strībhiḥ su-madhyamāḥ
rajanī — night; eṣā — this; ghora-rūpā — fearsome in appearance; ghora-sattva — by fearsome creatures; niṣevitā — populated; pratiyāta — please return; vrajam — to the cowherd village of Vraja; na — not; iha — here; stheyam — should stay; strībhiḥ — women; su-madhyamāḥ — O slender-waisted girls.
This night is quite frightening, and frightening creatures are lurking about. Return to Vraja, slender-waisted girls. This is not a proper place for women.
Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura has written the following charming commentary on this verse:
"[The gopīs thought,] 'Alas, alas, even after shattering our family responsibilities, our sobriety and our shame and enjoying us day after day, and after now dragging us here by the sound of His flute, He is asking us why we have come!'
"As the gopīs cast sidelong glances at one another, the Lord said, 'If you try to tell Me that you have come to get night-blooming flowers to use in the worship of God, and that it is these flowers you are looking at with your sidelong glances, I will have to reject your excuse as unacceptable, since neither the time, place nor persons involved are appropriate.'
"This is the Lord's meaning in the verse beginning rajanī. He might have said, 'Even though there is abundant moonlight, this time of night is very fearsome because many snakes, scorpions and other dangerous creatures too small for you to see are lying beneath the creepers, roots and twigs. Therefore this time is unsuitable for gathering flowers. And not only the time but also this place is unsuitable for you to gather flowers, because at night terrible creatures such as tigers are abroad here. Therefore you should go back to Vraja.'
" 'But,' the gopīs may object, 'let us just rest for a few minutes, and then we will go.'
"Then the Lord might reply, 'Women shouldn't remain in this kind of place.' In other words, 'Because of the time and place, it is wrong for persons like yourselves to stay here even for a moment.'
"Furthermore, by the word su-madhyamāḥ, 'O slender-waisted ones,' the Lord implied, 'You are beautiful young girls, and I am a beautiful young boy. Because you are all very chaste and I am a brahmacārī, as confirmed by the words kṛṣṇo brahmacārī in the śruti [Gopāla-tāpanī Upaniṣad], there should be no fault in our being in the same place. Nonetheless, the mind can never be trusted — neither yours nor My own.'
"The Lord's inner eagerness thus hinted at is obvious if we read His words between the lines, as follows: 'If out of shyness you cannot tell Me the reason you've come, then don't speak. I already know it anyway, so just listen as I tell it to you.' Thus the Lord speaks the words beginning rajanī . "
The following statement by Kṛṣṇa is based on an alternative meaning of the verse derived when the Sanskrit words are separated in a different way. The alternative separation, according to Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī, would be rajanī eṣā aghora-rūpā aghora-sattva-niṣevitā/ pratiyāta vrajaḿ na iha stheyaḿ stribhiḥ su-madhyamāḥ. Through Śrīla Viśvanātha's commentary Kṛṣṇa now explains the meaning of this division of words.
" 'The pervasive moonshine has made this night appear not at all fearsome, and therefore this forest is populated by harmless creatures such as deer (aghora-sattvaiḥ), or else by animals such as tigers that are harmless because of Vṛndāvana's naturally nonviolent atmosphere. Consequently this night should not frighten you.' Or else Kṛṣṇa may have meant, 'You should not be afraid of your own husbands and other relatives because, the night being populated by fearsome animals, they will not come near this place. Therefore please do not go back to Vraja [na pratiyāta], but stay here in My company [iha stheyam].'
"The gopīs may ask the Lord, 'How are You staying here?'
"The Lord answers, 'With women.'
"But are You satisfied to keep just any women in Your company?'
"The Lord replies to this with the word su-madhyamāḥ, meaning, 'Only women who are young and beautiful, who have slender waists — namely yourselves — should stay here with Me, and not others.' Thus we can appreciate that Kṛṣṇa's statements are full of considerate as well as neglectful sentiments."
Kṛṣṇa's words are certainly brilliant, because according to the rules of Sanskrit grammar they may be understood in either of two opposite ways. In the first case, as translated above, Lord Kṛṣṇa continues to tease the gopīs by telling them the night is dangerous and inauspicious and that they should go home. But Kṛṣṇa is simultaneously saying exactly the opposite — namely, that there is absolutely no reason for the gopīs to fear coming to the Lord, that the night is quite auspicious and that the girls should under no circumstances go back home. Thus Lord Kṛṣṇa simultaneously teases and enchants the gopīs with His words.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
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