Canto 10: The Summum BonumChapter 35: The Gopīs Sing of Kṛṣṇa as He Wanders in the Forest

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.35.22-23

vatsalo vraja-gavāḿ yad aga-dhro

vandyamāna-caraṇaḥ pathi vṛddhaiḥ

kṛtsna-go-dhanam upohya dinānte

gīta-veṇur anugeḍita-kīrtiḥ

utsavaḿ śrama-rucāpi dṛśīnām

unnayan khura-rajaś-churita-srak

ditsayaiti suhṛd-āsiṣa eṣa

devakī-jaṭhara-bhūr uḍu-rājaḥ


vatsalaḥ — affectionate; vraja-gavāmto the cows of Vraja; yat — because; aga — of the mountain; dhraḥ — the lifter; vandyamāna — being worshiped; caraṇaḥ — His feet; pathi — along the path; vṛddhaiḥ — by the exalted demigods; kṛtsna — entire; go-dhanam — the herd of cows; upohya — collecting; dina — of the day; ante — at the end; gītā-veṇuḥ — playing His flute; anuga — by His companions; īḍita — praised; kīrtiḥ — His glories; utsavama festival; śrama — of fatigue; rucā — by His coloring; api — even; dṛśīnām — for the eyes; unnayan — raising; khura — from the hooves (of the cows); rajaḥ — with the dust; churita — powdered; srak — His garland; ditsayā — with the desire; etiHe is coming; suhṛtto His friends; āśiṣaḥ — their desires; eṣaḥ — this; devakī — of mother Yaśodā; jaṭhara — from the womb; bhūḥ — born; uḍu-rājaḥ — moon.


Out of great affection for the cows of Vraja, Kṛṣṇa became the lifter of Govardhana Hill. At the end of the day, having rounded up all His own cows, He plays a song on His flute, while exalted demigods standing along the path worship His lotus feet and the cowherd boys accompanying Him chant His glories. His garland is powdered by the dust raised by the cows' hooves, and His beauty, enhanced by His fatigue, creates an ecstatic festival for everyone's eyes. Eager to fulfill His friends' desires, Kṛṣṇa is the moon arisen from the womb of mother Yaśodā.


According to the ācāryas, at this point the gopīs climbed into the watchtowers of Vṛndāvana's houses so they could see Kṛṣṇa as soon as possible when He returned home. Mother Yaśodā was very anxious for her son to come back, and therefore she had the tallest of the beautiful young gopīs climb up to see when He would arrive. It is implied here that Kṛṣṇa was somewhat delayed on the way home because His lotus feet were being worshiped by great demigods along the path.

<<< >>>

Buy Online Copyright © The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust International, Inc.
His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
His Holiness Hrdayananda dasa Goswami
Gopiparanadhana dasa Adhikari
Dravida dasa Brahmacari