Canto 10: The Summum BonumChapter 50: Kṛṣṇa Establishes the City of Dvārakā

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.50.17

tāv āha māgadho vīkṣya

he kṛṣṇa puruṣādhama

na tvayā yoddhum icchāmi

bālenaikena lajjayā

guptena hi tvayā manda

na yotsye yāhi bandhu-han

SYNONYMS

tauto the two of Them; āha — said; māgadhaḥJarāsandha; vīkṣya — watching; he kṛṣṇaO Kṛṣṇa; puruṣa-adhama — lowest of men; na — not; tvayā — with You; yoddhumto fight; icchāmido I want; bālena — with a boy; ekena — alone; lajjayā — shamefully; guptena — hidden; hi — indeed; tvayā — with You; mandaO fool; na yotsyeI will not fight; yāhigo away; bandhu — of relatives; hanO killer.

TRANSLATION

Jarāsandha looked at the two of Them and said: O Kṛṣṇa, lowest of men! I do not wish to fight alone with You, since it would be a shame to fight with a mere boy. You fool who keep Yourself hidden, O murderer of Your relatives, go away! I will not fight with You.

PURPORT

Śrīla Śrīdhara Svāmī has interpreted Jarāsandha's words as follows. Puruṣādhama can be understood as puruṣā adhamā yasmāt, meaning "Kṛṣṇa, to whom all men are inferior." In other words, here Lord Kṛṣṇa is being addressed as "O Puruṣottama, best of living beings." Similarly, the word guptena, "hidden," indicates Lord Kṛṣṇa's aspect of being in everyone's heart and invisible to material vision. The words tvayā manda can also be divided, according to Sanskrit grammar, as tvayā amanda. In this case Jarāsandha is indicating that Kṛṣṇa is not foolish but rather most alert. The word bandhu was used by Jarāsandha in the sense of "relative," since Lord Kṛṣṇa killed His maternal uncle, Kaḿsa. However, bandhu comes from the verb bandh, "to bind," and therefore bandhu-han can be understood as "one who destroys the bondage of ignorance." Similarly, the word yāhi, "please go," indicates that Lord Kṛṣṇa should approach the living beings and bless them to become Kṛṣṇa conscious.

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