Canto 10: The Summum BonumChapter 8: Lord Kṛṣṇa Shows the Universal Form Within His Mouth

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.8.15

bahūni santi nāmāni

rūpāṇi ca sutasya te


tāny ahaḿ veda no janāḥ


bahūni — various; santi — there are; nāmāni — names; rūpāṇi — forms; ca — also; sutasya — of the son; te — your; guṇa-karma-anu-rūpāṇi — according to His attributes and activities; tāni — them; ahamI; veda — know; no janāḥ — not ordinary persons.


For this son of yours there are many forms and names according to His transcendental qualities and activities. These are known to me, but people in general do not understand them.


Bahūni: the Lord has many names. Advaitam acyutam anādim ananta-rūpam ādyaḿ purāṇa-puruṣaḿ nava-yauvanaḿ ca. As stated in the Brahma-saḿhitā (5.33), the Lord is one, but He has many forms and many names. It was not that because Gargamuni gave the child the name Kṛṣṇa, that was His only name. He has other names, such as Bhaktavatsala, Giridhārī, Govinda and Gopāla. If we analyze the nirukti, or semantic derivation, of the word "Kṛṣṇa," we find that na signifies that He stops the repetition of birth and death, and kṛṣ means sattārtha, or "existence." (Kṛṣṇa is the whole of existence.) Also, kṛṣ means "attraction," and na means ānanda, or "bliss." Kṛṣṇa is known as Mukunda because He wants to give everyone spiritual, eternal, blissful life. Unfortunately, because of the living entity's little independence, the living entity wants to "deprogram" the program of Kṛṣṇa. This is the material disease. Nonetheless, because Kṛṣṇa wants to give transcendental bliss to the living entities, He appears in various forms. Therefore He is called Kṛṣṇa. Because Gargamuni was an astrologer, he knew what others did not know. Yet Kṛṣṇa has so many names that even Gargamuni did not know them all. It is to be concluded that Kṛṣṇa, according to His transcendental activities, has many names and many forms.

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