Canto 11: General HistoryChapter 13: The Haḿsa-avatāra Answers the Questions of the Sons of Brahmā

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.13.9-10

śrī-bhagavān uvāca

aham ity anyathā-buddhiḥ

pramattasya yathā hṛdi

utsarpati rajo ghoraḿ

tato vaikārikaḿ manaḥ

rajo-yuktasya manasaḥ

sańkalpaḥ sa-vikalpakaḥ

tataḥ kāmo guṇa-dhyānād

duḥsahaḥ syād dhi durmateḥ


śrī-bhagavān uvāca — the Supreme Personality of Godhead said; aham — false identification with the material body and mind; iti — thus; anyathā-buddhiḥ — illusory knowledge; pramattasya — of one who is bereft of actual intelligence; yathā — accordingly; hṛdi — within the mind; utsarpati — arises; rajaḥ — passion; ghoram — which brings terrible suffering; tataḥ — then; vaikārikam — (originally) in the mode of goodness; manaḥ — the mind; rajaḥin passion; yuktasya — of that which is engaged; manasaḥ — of the mind; sańkalpaḥ — material determination; sa-vikalpakaḥ — along with variation and alternation; tataḥ — from that; kāmaḥ — full-fledged material desire; guṇain the modes of nature; dhyānāt — from concentration; duḥsahaḥ — unbearable; syātit must so be; hi — certainly; durmateḥ — of a foolish person.


The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: My dear Uddhava, a person bereft of intelligence first falsely identifies himself with the material body and mind, and when such false knowledge arises within one's consciousness, material passion, the cause of great suffering, pervades the mind, which by nature is situated in goodness. Then the mind, contaminated by passion, becomes absorbed in making and changing many plans for material advancement. Thus, by constantly thinking of the modes of material nature, a foolish person is afflicted with unbearable material desires.


Those who are trying to enjoy material sense gratification are not actually intelligent, although they consider themselves most intelligent. Although such foolish persons themselves criticize the miseries of material life in innumerable books, songs, newspapers, television programs, civic committees, etc., they cannot desist from material life for a single moment. The process by which one is helplessly bound in illusion is clearly described here.

A materialistic person is always thinking, "Oh, what a beautiful house. I wish we could buy it" or "What a beautiful woman. I wish I could touch her" or "What a powerful position. I wish I could occupy it," and so on. The words sańkalpaḥ sa-vikalpakaḥ indicate that a materialist is always making new plans or modifying his old plans to increase his material enjoyment, although in his saner moments he admits that material life is full of suffering. The mind is created from the mode of goodness, as described in Sāńkhya philosophy, and the natural, peaceful situation of the mind is pure love of Kṛṣṇa, in which there is no mental disturbance, disappointment or confusion. Artificially, the mind is dragged down to a lower platform in passion or ignorance, and thus one is never satisfied.

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