|Canto 11: General History||Chapter 25: The Three Modes of Nature and Beyond|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.25.2-5
śamo damas titikṣekṣā
tapaḥ satyaḿ dayā smṛtiḥ
tuṣṭis tyāgo 'spṛhā śraddhā
hrīr dayādiḥ sva-nirvṛtiḥ
kāma īhā madas tṛṣṇā
stambha āśīr bhidā sukham
hāsyaḿ vīryaḿ balodyamaḥ
krodho lobho 'nṛtaḿ hiḿsā
yācñā dambhaḥ klamaḥ kaliḥ
nidrāśā bhīr anudyamaḥ
sattvasya rajasaś caitās
sannipātam atho śṛṇu
śamaḥ — mind control; damaḥ — sense control; titikṣā — tolerance; īkṣā — discrimination; tapaḥ — strictly following one's prescribed duty; satyam — truthfulness; dayā — mercy; smṛtiḥ — observation of the past and future; tuṣṭiḥ — satisfaction; tyāgaḥ — generosity; aspṛhā — detachment from sense gratification; śraddhā — faith (in the guru and other bona fide authorities); hrīḥ — shame (due to improper activities); dayā-ādiḥ — charity, simplicity, humility and so on; sva-nirvṛtiḥ — taking one's pleasure from within; kāmaḥ — material desire; īhā — endeavor; madaḥ — audacity; tṛṣṇa — dissatisfaction even in gain; stambhaḥ — false pride; āśīḥ — praying to the demigods and other deities with desire for material gain; bhidā — separatist mentality; sukham — sense gratification; mada-utsāhaḥ — courage based on intoxication; yaśaḥ-prītiḥ — being fond of praise; hāsyam — indulging in ridicule; vīryam — advertising one's power; bala-udyamaḥ — acting on the sanction of one's own strength; krodhaḥ — intolerant anger; lobhaḥ — stinginess; anṛtam — false speech (speaking what is not stated in scripture as if it were evidence); hiḿsā — enmity; yācñā — begging; dambhaḥ — hypocrisy; klamaḥ — fatigue; kaliḥ — quarrel; śoka-mohau — lamentation and delusion; viṣāda-ārtī — unhappiness and false humility; nidrā — sloth; āśā — false expectations; bhīḥ — fear; anudyamaḥ — lack of endeavor; sattvasya — of the mode of goodness; rajasaḥ — of the mode of passion; ca — and; etāḥ — these; tamasaḥ — of the mode of ignorance; ca — and; ānupūrvaśaḥ — one after another; vṛttayaḥ — the functions; varṇita — have been described; prāyāḥ — for the most part; sannipātam — the combination of these; atho — now; śṛṇu — please hear.
Mind and sense control, tolerance, discrimination, sticking to one's prescribed duty, truthfulness, mercy, careful study of the past and future, satisfaction in any condition, generosity, renunciation of sense gratification, faith in the spiritual master, being embarrassed at improper action, charity, simplicity, humbleness and satisfaction within oneself are qualities of the mode of goodness. Material desire, great endeavor, audacity, dissatisfaction even in gain, false pride, praying for material advancement, considering oneself different and better than others, sense gratification, rash eagerness to fight, a fondness for hearing oneself praised, the tendency to ridicule others, advertising one's own prowess and justifying one's actions by one's strength are qualities of the mode of passion. Intolerant anger, stinginess, speaking without scriptural authority, violent hatred, living as a parasite, hypocrisy, chronic fatigue, quarrel, lamentation, delusion, unhappiness, depression, sleeping too much, false expectations, fear and laziness constitute the major qualities of the mode of ignorance. Now please hear about the combination of these three modes.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
His Holiness Hrdayananda dasa Goswami
Gopiparanadhana dasa Adhikari
Dravida dasa Brahmacari