Canto 11: General HistoryChapter 25: The Three Modes of Nature and Beyond

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 11.25.23

mad-arpaṇaḿ niṣphalaḿ

sāttvikaḿ nija-karma tat

rājasaḿ phala-sańkalpaḿ

hiḿsā-prāyādi tāmasam


mat-arpaṇam — offered unto Me; niṣphalam — done without expectation of result; — and; sāttvikamin the mode of goodness; nija — accepted as one's prescribed duty; karma — work; tat — that; rājasamin the mode of passion; phala-sańkalpam — done in expectation of some result; hiḿsā-prāya-ādi — done with violence, envy and so on; tāmasamin the mode of ignorance.


Work performed as an offering to Me, without consideration of the fruit, is considered to be in the mode of goodness. Work performed with a desire to enjoy the results is in the mode of passion. And work impelled by violence and envy is in the mode of ignorance.


Ordinary work performed as an offering to God, without desire for the result, is understood to be in the mode of goodness, whereas activities of devotion — such as chanting and hearing the glories of the Lord — are transcendental forms of work beyond the modes of nature.

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