|Canto 3: The Status Quo||Chapter 26: Fundamental Principles of Material Nature|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 3.26.42
kaṣāyo madhuras tiktaḥ
kaṭv amla iti naikadhā
rasa eko vibhidyate
kaṣāyaḥ — astringent; madhuraḥ — sweet; tiktaḥ — bitter; kaṭu — pungent; amlaḥ — sour; iti — thus; na-ekadhā — manifoldly; bhautikānām — of other substances; vikāreṇa — by transformation; rasaḥ — the subtle element taste; ekaḥ — originally one; vibhidyate — is divided.
Although originally one, taste becomes manifold as astringent, sweet, bitter, pungent, sour and salty due to contact with other substances.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness