Canto 3: The Status QuoChapter 30: Description by Lord Kapila of Adverse Fruitive Activities

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 3.30.4

jantur vai bhava etasmin

yāḿ yāḿ yonim anuvrajet

tasyāḿ tasyāḿ sa labhate

nirvṛtiḿ na virajyate


jantuḥ — the living entity; vai — certainly; bhavein worldly existence; etasmin — this; yām yām — whatever; yonim — species; anuvrajethe may obtain; tasyām tasyāmin that; saḥhe; labhate — achieves; nirvṛtim — satisfaction; na — not; virajyate — is averse.


The living entity, in whatever species of life he appears, finds a particular type of satisfaction in that species, and he is never averse to being situated in such a condition.


The satisfaction of the living entity in a particular type of body, even if it is most abominable, is called illusion. A man in a higher position may feel dissatisfaction with the standard of life of a lower-grade man, but the lower-grade man is satisfied in that position because of the spell of māyā, the external energy. Māyā has two phases of activities. One is called prakṣepātmikā, and the other is called āvaraṇātmikā. Āvaraṇātmikā means "covering," and prakṣepātmikā means "pulling down." In any condition of life, the materialistic person or animal will be satisfied because his knowledge is covered by the influence of māyā. In the lower grade or lower species of life, the development of consciousness is so poor that one cannot understand whether he is happy or distressed. This is called āvaraṇātmikā. Even a hog, who lives by eating stool, finds himself happy, although a person in a higher mode of life sees that the hog is eating stool. How abominable that life is!

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness