|Canto 4: Creation of the Fourth Order||Chapter 15: King Pṛthu's Appearance and Coronation|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 4.15.9-10
brahmā jagad-gurur devaiḥ
vainyasya dakṣiṇe haste
dṛṣṭvā cihnaḿ gadābhṛtaḥ
pādayor aravindaḿ ca
taḿ vai mene hareḥ kalām
aḿśaḥ sa parameṣṭhinaḥ
brahmā — Lord Brahmā; jagat-guruḥ — the master of the universe; devaiḥ — by the demigods; saha — accompanied; āsṛtya — arriving; sura-īśvaraiḥ — with the chiefs of all the heavenly planets; vainyasya — of Mahārāja Pṛthu, the son of Vena; dakṣiṇe — right; haste — on the hand; dṛṣṭvā — seeing; cihnam — mark; gadā-bhṛtaḥ — of Lord Viṣṇu, who carries a club; pādayoḥ — on the two feet; aravindam — lotus flower; ca — also; tam — him; vai — certainly; mene — he understood; hareḥ — of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; kalām — part of a plenary expansion; yasya — whose; apratihatam — invincible; cakram — disc; aḿśaḥ — partial representation; saḥ — he; parameṣṭhinaḥ — of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.
Lord Brahmā, the master of the entire universe, arrived there accompanied by all the demigods and their chiefs. Seeing the lines of Lord Viṣṇu's palm on King Pṛthu's right hand and impressions of lotus flowers on the soles of his feet, Lord Brahmā could understand that King Pṛthu was a partial representation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. One whose palm bears the sign of a disc, as well as other such lines, should be considered a partial representation or incarnation of the Supreme Lord.
There is a system by which one can detect an incarnation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Nowadays it has become a cheap fashion to accept any rascal as an incarnation of God, but from this incident we can see that Lord Brahmā personally examined the hands and feet of King Pṛthu for specific signs. In their prophecies the learned sages and brāhmaṇas accepted Pṛthu Mahārāja as a plenary partial expansion of the Lord. During the presence of Lord Kṛṣṇa, however, a king declared himself Vāsudeva, and Lord Kṛṣṇa killed him. Before accepting someone as an incarnation of God, one should verify his identity according to the symptoms mentioned in the śāstras. Without these symptoms the pretender is subject to be killed by the authorities for pretending to be an incarnation of God.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness