Canto 4: Creation of the Fourth OrderChapter 29: Talks Between Nārada and King Prācīnabarhi

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 4.29.21

saḿvatsaraś caṇḍavegaḥ

kālo yenopalakṣitaḥ

tasyāhānīha gandharvā

gandharvyo rātrayaḥ smṛtāḥ

haranty āyuḥ parikrāntyā



saḿvatsaraḥ — year; caṇḍa-vegaḥ — called Caṇḍavega; kālaḥ — time; yena — by which; upalakṣitaḥ — symbolized; tasya — of the duration of life; ahāni — days; ihain this life; gandharvāḥ — Gandharvas; gandharvyaḥ — Gandharvīs; rātrayaḥ — nights; smṛtāḥare understood; haranti — they take away; āyuḥ — duration of life; parikrāntyā — by traveling; ṣaṣṭi — sixty; uttara — above; śata — hundred; trayam — three.


What was previously explained as Caṇḍavega, powerful time, is covered by days and nights, named Gandharvas and Gandharvīs. The body's life-span is gradually reduced by the passage of days and nights, which number 360.


The word parikrāntyā means "by traveling." The living entity travels on his chariot day and night during a year consisting of 360 (or more) days and nights. Life's progress is taken for the unnecessary labor required to cover these 360 days and nights of life.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness