Canto 4: Creation of the Fourth OrderChapter 30: The Activities of the Pracetas

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 4.30.49

cakshushe tv antare prapte

prak-sarge kala-vidrute

yah sasarja praja ishtah

sa daksho daiva-coditah

SYNONYMS

cakshushe -- named Cakshusha; tu -- but; antare -- the manvantara; prapte -- when it happened; prak -- previous; sarge -- creation; kala-vidrute -- destroyed in due course of time; yah -- one who; sasarja -- created; prajah -- living entities; ishtah -- desirable; sah -- he; dakshah -- Daksha; daiva -- by the Supreme Personality of Godhead; coditah -- inspired.

TRANSLATION

His previous body had been destroyed, but he, the same Daksha, inspired by the supreme will, created all the desired living entities in the Cakshusha manvantara.

PURPORT

As stated in Bhagavad-gita (8.17):

sahasra-yuga-paryantam

ahar yad brahmano viduh

ratrim yuga-sahasrantam

te 'ho-ratra-vido janah

"By human calculation, a thousand ages taken together is the duration of Brahma's one day. And such also is the duration of his night." Brahma's one day consists of one thousand cycles of the four yugas -- Satya, Treta, Dvapara and Kali. In that one day there are fourteen manvantaras, and out of these manvantaras this Cakshusha manvantara is the sixth. The various Manus existing in one day of Lord Brahma are as follows: (1) Svayambhuva, (2) Svarocisha, (3) Uttama, (4) Tamasa, (5) Raivata, (6) Cakshusha, (7) Vaivasvata, (8) Savarni, (9) Dakshasavarni, (10) Brahma-savarni, ( 11) Dharma-savarni, (12) Rudra-savarni, (13) Deva-savarni and (14) Indra-savarni.

Thus there are fourteen Manus in one day of Brahma. In a year there are 5,040 Manus. Brahma has to live for one hundred years; consequently, the total of Manus appearing and disappearing during the life of one Brahma is 504,000. This is the calculation for one universe, and there are innumerable universes. All these Manus come and go simply by the breathing process of Maha-Vishnu. As stated in the Brahma-samhita:

yasyaika-nisvasita-kalam athavalambya

jivanti loma-vilaja jagad-anda-nathah

vishnur mahan sa iha yasya kala-visesho

govindam adi-purusham tam aham bhajami

[Bs. 5.48]

The word jagad-anda-natha means Lord Brahma. There are innumerable jagad-anda-natha Brahmas, and thus we can calculate the many Manus. The present age is under the control of Vaivasvata Manu. Each Manu lives 4,320,000 years multiplied by 71. The present Manu has already lived for 4,320,000 years multiplied by 28. All these long life-spans are ultimately ended by the laws of material nature. The controversy of the Daksha-yajna took place in the Svayambhuva manvantara period. As a result, Daksha was punished by Lord Siva, but by virtue of his prayers to Lord Siva he became eligible to regain his former opulence. According to Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura, Daksha underwent severe penances up to the fifth manvantara. Thus at the beginning of the sixth manvantara, known as the Cakshusha manvantara, Daksha regained his former opulence by the blessings of Lord Siva.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness