Canto 4: Creation of the Fourth OrderChapter 4: Sati Quits Her Body

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Srimad Bhagavatam 4.4.14

yad dvy-aksharam nama gireritam nrinam

sakrit prasangad agham asu hanti tat

pavitra-kirtim tam alanghya-sasanam

bhavan aho dveshti sivam sivetarah

SYNONYMS

yat -- which; dvi-aksharam -- consisting of two letters; nama -- named; gira iritam -- merely being pronounced by the tongue; nrinam -- persons; sakrit -- once; prasangat -- from the heart; agham -- sinful activities; asu -- immediately; hanti -- destroys; tat -- that; pavitra-kirtim -- whose fame is pure; tam -- him; alanghya-sasanam -- whose order is never neglected; bhavan -- you; aho -- oh; dveshti -- envy; sivam -- Lord Siva; siva-itarah -- who are inauspicious.

TRANSLATION

Sati continued: My dear father, you are committing the greatest offense by envying Lord Siva, whose very name, consisting of two syllables, si and va, purifies one of all sinful activities. His order is never neglected. Lord Siva is always pure, and no one but you envies him.

PURPORT

Since Lord Siva is the greatest soul among the living entities within this material world, his name, Siva, is very auspicious for persons who identify the body with the soul. If such persons take shelter of Lord Siva, gradually they will understand that they are not the material body but are spirit soul. Siva means mangala, or auspicious. Within the body the soul is auspicious. Aham brahmasmi: "I am Brahman." This realization is auspicious. As long as one does not realize his identity as the soul, whatever he does is inauspicious. Siva means "auspicious," and devotees of Lord Siva gradually come to the platform of spiritual identification, but that is not all. Auspicious life begins from the point of spiritual identification. But there are still more duties -- one has to understand one's relationship with the Supreme Soul. If one is actually a devotee of Lord Siva, he comes to the platform of spiritual realization, but if he is not intelligent enough, then he stops at that point, only realizing that he is spirit soul (aham brahmasmi). If he is intelligent enough, however, he should continue to act in the way of Lord Siva, for Lord Siva is always absorbed in the thought of Vasudeva. As previously explained, sattvam visuddham vasudeva-sabditam: Lord Siva is always in meditation on the lotus feet of Vasudeva, Sri Krishna. Thus the auspicious position of Lord Siva is realized if one takes to the worship of Vishnu, because Lord Siva says in the Siva Purana that the topmost worship is worship of Lord Vishnu. Lord Siva is worshiped because he is the greatest devotee of Lord Vishnu. One should not, however, make the mistake of considering Lord Siva and Lord Vishnu to be on the same level. That is also an atheistic idea. It is also enjoined in the Vaishnaviya Purana that Vishnu, or Narayana, is the exalted Supreme Personality of Godhead, and no one should be compared to Him as equal, even Lord Siva or Lord Brahma, not to speak of other demigods.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Founder Acarya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness