|Canto 6: Prescribed Duties for Mankind||Chapter 3: Yamarāja Instructs His Messengers|
Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 6.3.26
evaḿ vimṛśya sudhiyo bhagavaty anante
sarvātmanā vidadhate khalu bhāva-yogam
te me na daṇḍam arhanty atha yady amīṣāḿ
syāt pātakaḿ tad api hanty urugāya-vādaḥ
evam — thus; vimṛśya — considering; su-dhiyaḥ — those whose intelligence is sharp; bhagavati — unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead; anante — the unlimited; sarva-ātmanā — with all their heart and soul; vidadhate — take to; khalu — indeed; bhāva-yogam — the process of devotional service; te — such persons; me — my; na — not; daṇḍam — punishment; arhanti — deserve; atha — therefore; yadi — if; amīṣām — of them; syāt — there is; pātakam — some sinful activity; tat — that; api — also; hanti — destroys; urugāya-vādaḥ — the chanting of the holy name of the Supreme Lord.
Considering all these points, therefore, intelligent men decide to solve all problems by adopting the devotional service of chanting the holy name of the Lord, who is situated in everyone's heart and who is a mine of all auspicious qualities. Such persons are not within my jurisdiction for punishment. Generally they never commit sinful activities, but even if by mistake or because of bewilderment or illusion they sometimes commit sinful acts, they are protected from sinful reactions because they always chant the Hare Kṛṣṇa mantra.
In this regard Śrīla Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura quotes the following verse from the prayers of Lord Brahmā (Bhāg. 10.14.29):
athāpi te deva padāmbuja-dvaya-
prasāda-leśānugṛhīta eva hi
jānāti tattvaḿ bhagavan-mahimno
na cānya eko 'pi ciraḿ vicinvan
The purport is that even though one is a very learned scholar of the Vedic śāstras, he may be completely unaware of the existence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead and His name, fame, qualities and so forth, whereas one who is not a great scholar can understand the position of the Supreme Personality of Godhead if he somehow or other becomes a pure devotee of the Lord by engaging in devotional service. Therefore this verse spoken by Yamarāja says, evaḿ vimṛśya sudhiyo bhagavati: those who engage in the loving service of the Lord become sudhiyaḥ, intelligent, but this is not so of a Vedic scholar who does not understand Kṛṣṇa's name, fame and qualities. A pure devotee is one whose intelligence is clear; he is truly thoughtful because he engages in the service of the Lord — not as a matter of show, but with love, with his mind, words and body. Nondevotees may make a show of religion, but it is not very effective because although they ostentatiously attend a temple or church, they are thinking of something else. Such persons are neglecting their religious duty and are punishable by Yamarāja. But a devotee who commits sinful acts, which he may do unwillingly or accidentally because of his former habits, is excused. That is the value of the sańkīrtana movement.
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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness