Canto 8: Withdrawal of the Cosmic CreationsChapter 20: Bali Mahārāja Surrenders the Universe

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 8.20.22

kāye balis tasya mahā-vibhūteḥ

sahartvig-ācārya-sadasya etat

dadarśa viśvaḿ tri-guṇaḿ guṇātmake

bhūtendriyārthāśaya-jīva-yuktam

SYNONYMS

kāyein the body; baliḥMahārāja Bali; tasya — of the Personality of Godhead; mahā-vibhūteḥ — of that person who is equipped with all wonderful opulences; saha-ṛtvik-ācārya-sadasyaḥ — with all the priests, ācāryas and members of the holy assembly; etat — this; dadarśa — saw; viśvam — the whole universe; tri-guṇammade of three modes of material nature; guṇa-ātmakein that which is the source of all such qualities; bhūta — with all the gross material elements; indriya — with the senses; artha — with the sense objects; āśaya — with mind, intelligence and false ego; jīva-yuktam — with all the living entities.

TRANSLATION

Bali Mahārāja, along with all the priests, ācāryas and members of the assembly, observed the Supreme Personality of Godhead's universal body, which was full of six opulences. That body contained everything within the universe, including all the gross material elements, the senses, the sense objects, the mind, intelligence and false ego, the various kinds of living entities, and the actions and reactions of the three modes of material nature.

PURPORT

In Bhagavad-gītā, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says, ahaḿ sarvasya prabhavo mattaḥ sarvaḿ pravartate: [Bg. 10.8] Kṛṣṇa is the origin of everything. Vāsudevaḥ sarvam iti: [Bg. 7.19] Kṛṣṇa is everything. Mat-sthāni sarva-bhūtāni na cāhaḿ teṣv avasthitaḥ: everything rests in the body of the Lord, yet the Lord is not everywhere. Māyāvādī philosophers think that since the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Absolute Truth, has become everything, He has no separate existence. Their philosophy is called advaita-vāda. Actually, however, their philosophy is not correct. Here, Bali Mahārāja was the seer of the Personality of Godhead's universal body, and that body was that which was seen. Thus there is dvaita-vāda; there are always two entities — the seer and the seen. The seer is a part of the whole, but he is not equal to the whole. The part of the whole, the seer, is also one with the whole, but since he is but a part, he cannot be the complete whole at any time. This acintya-bhedābheda — simultaneous oneness and difference — is the perfect philosophy propounded by Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness