Canto 9: LiberationChapter 15: Paraśurāma, the Lord's Warrior Incarnation

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.15.10

tad viditvā muniḥ prāha

patnīḿ kaṣṭam akāraṣīḥ

ghoro daṇḍa-dharaḥ putro

bhrātā te brahma-vittamaḥ


tat — this fact; viditvā — having learned; muniḥ — the great sage; prāha — said; patnīm — unto his wife; kaṣṭam — very regrettable; akāraṣīḥ — you have done; ghoraḥ — fierce; daṇḍa-dharaḥa great personality who can punish others; putraḥ — such a son; bhrātā — brother; te — your; brahma-vittamaḥa learned scholar in spiritual science.


When the great sage Ṛcīka returned home after bathing and understood what had happened in his absence, he said to his wife, Satyavatī, "You have done a great wrong. Your son will be a fierce kṣatriya, able to punish everyone, and your brother will be a learned scholar in spiritual science."


A brāhmaṇa is highly qualified when he can control his senses and mind, when he is a learned scholar in spiritual science and when he is tolerant and forgiving. A kṣatriya, however, is highly qualified when he is fierce in giving punishment to wrongdoers. These qualities are stated in Bhagavad-gītā (18.42-43). Because Satyavatī, instead of eating her own oblation, had eaten that which was meant for her mother, she would give birth to a son imbued with the kṣatriya spirit. This was undesirable. The son of a brāhmaṇa is generally expected to become a brāhmaṇa, but if such a son becomes fierce like a kṣatriya, he is designated according to the description of the four varṇas in Bhagavad-gītā (cātur-varṇyaḿ mayā sṛṣṭaḿ guṇa-karma-vibhāgaśaḥ [Bg. 4.13]). If the son of a brāhmaṇa does not become like a brāhmaṇa, he may be called a kṣatriya, vaiśya or śūdra, according to his qualifications. The basic principle for dividing society is not a person's birth but his qualities and actions.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness