Chapter 18: Conclusion — The Perfection of Renunciation

Bhaktivedanta VedaBase: Bhagavad-gītā As It Is 18.19

jñānaḿ karma ca kartā ca

tridhaiva guṇa-bhedataḥ

procyate guṇa-sańkhyāne

yathāvac chṛṇu tāny api


jñānam — knowledge; karma — work; ca — also; kartā — worker; ca — also; tridhā — of three kinds; eva — certainly; guṇa-bhedataḥin terms of different modes of material nature; procyateare said; guṇa-sańkhyānein terms of different modes; yathā-vatas they are; śṛṇu — hear; tāni — all of them; api — also.


According to the three different modes of material nature, there are three kinds of knowledge, action and performer of action. Now hear of them from Me.


In the Fourteenth Chapter the three divisions of the modes of material nature were elaborately described. In that chapter it was said that the mode of goodness is illuminating, the mode of passion materialistic, and the mode of ignorance conducive to laziness and indolence. All the modes of material nature are binding; they are not sources of liberation. Even in the mode of goodness one is conditioned. In the Seventeenth Chapter, the different types of worship by different types of men in different modes of material nature were described. In this verse, the Lord says that He wishes to speak about the different types of knowledge, workers and work itself according to the three material modes.

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His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupāda, Founder Ācārya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness